Framing Citizen Investigations

How does one start to become an investigator? Where is the borderline between being interested and then turning into an investigator?

How do we know things? Although animals and plants are said to know things, there is something human about thinking about knowing. When do investigations end or begin? How do we understand the connections between fragmented pieces of evidence?

About the speakers:

Crofton Black is a writer and investigator. He is co-author of Negative Publicity: Artefacts of Extraordinary Rendition and CIA Torture Unredacted, and works on technology and security topics for The Bureau of Investigative Journalism in London. Before this he was a history of philosophy academic, specialising in theories of knowledge and interpretation. He has a PhD from the Warburg Institute, London and was a Humboldt Fellow at the Freie Universität Berlin. More info at

Marek Tuszynski is the creative director and co-founder of Tactical Tech

Wael Eskandar, Exposing the Invisible, Tactical Tech

This video is part of a series of resources and publications produced by Exposing the Invisible during a one-year project (September 2020 - August 2021) supported by the European Commission (DG CONNECT)

European Commission

This content reflects the author’s view and the Commission is not responsible for any use that may be made of the information it contains.

First published on October 6, 2021

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